|Moderation: Dêrsim Dagdeviren|
|Welcoming speeches:||Professor Norman Paech (Germany)|
|Havin Guneser on behalf of the organizing committee|
|Messages:||Professor Antonio Negri|
|Professor Immanuel Wallerstein|
The construction of social sciences upon positivism, rationalism and object-subject dichotomy deepened the cleavage between the sexes and further established the enslavement of women and thus men. Is there a need for a radical critique of the present social sciences and how is to be re-constructed if alternative way of life is to be achieved? What are the proposals for new approaches for the social sciences?
Professor Antonio Negri
What the political is today. What is subversive politics? What partage of the social does it involve? How can capital be fought today? The first good paradigm of contemporaneity is that THE ONE HAS SPLIT IN TWO. Who produces? In contemporaneity, it is the machine of the multitude. Production is social; cognitive labour is the hegemonic form of productive labour. What does production of subjectivity mean?
The division and hierarchy between the sexes is older and arguably more fundamental than class-division or other repression mechanisms. Yet rarely this has been put into the focus of analysis or political. The glory days of the women's movement in the west are over, a progressive anti-sexist men's movement has not emerged. What is the reason for the existence and continuity of sexism in all ? new or old- systems of exploitation? Why is it such a 'universal' and profound notion?
Professor Achin Vanaik
The role in the geopolitics of evolving capitalism may well be sought to be played by a quintet of powers – US, Russia, China, EU and India in which the leadership will still be provided by the US. As a collective can they at all hope to successfully address the key problems of poverty and inequality, ecological imbalances, the rising politics of cultural exclusivisms of all kind, militarism and nuclearism? Don't we need now more than ever a clear vision of an anti-capitalism that is based on participatory forms of democracy beyond what contemporary capitalist democracies can offer?
The Kurds represent one of the oldest cultures of Western Asia, and their struggle for justice and peace – often just basic recognition! - represents one of the world's most significant and least understood movements. There are many other such peoples and movements, which we know little about due to media distortion, Manufacturing Consent. India's indigenous people, known as Adivasis, are one of them.
The Kurdish freedom movement has evolved and moved from anti-colonialism influenced by real-socialism to communalism and confederalism. One thing has remained constant though: its anti-capitalism. What are its views and critique of capitalism and the nation-state? What is meant with "capitalist modernity"? What contributions can current analyses and discussions from Kurdistan make to the worldwide efforts to overcome the capitalist system?
The "Arab Spring" with the downfall of several authoritarian regimes has been hailed by many as a chance for democracy. At the same time governments like the Turkish and the Israeli one are becoming more authoritarian. The Middle Eastern societies however are all complex and a fixation on regimes changes cannot answer all questions about how democracy can be realized.
The Middle East has undergone major changes in the past decades. These changes have reflected on the Kurdish democracy movement which has its roots in the unsolved contradictions of the Middle Eastern state system . Where do the Kurds stand today and what do they have to offer for the region?
Dr. Sadik Hassan Itaimish
Several 'secular' governments have been replaced by 'moderate Islamists' in several countries over the past decade. Islam as a source of legislation has been introduced into constitutions as a source of law. But what is the "moderate Islam"? What are its basic concepts and inner contradictions? How can it be criticized and its dangers be overcome?
Why are some radical religious movements acceptable for the West whereas others are not? Are AKP and Fethullah Gülen really moderate Islam? Can capitalism internalize or assimilate Islam?
|09.00 - 12.00 Session 4: Towards a new paradigm – Democratic Modernity|
What is communalism? What is its historical basis as a political movement? What are its strategic arguments? Is it an alternative model as it stands? What are its main weaknesses and handicaps? Has a balance been attained between theoretical approaches and practical experiences?
The women's freedom movement is seen to be an alternative to the capitalist modernity. What kind of a development process have such an experience gone through? How can the reciprocal influence between the Kurdish women's struggle and Kurdish society's freedom struggle be described? Where can we place the women's freedom struggle within the Paradigm of Democratic Modernity?
For all their differences, Öcalan and Bookchin shared a political trajectory that took them from Marxism to communalism. How did it evolve? What are some of the the theoretical similarities and differences between Öcalan's democratic confederalism and Bookchin's communalism. How are Kurds in Turkish Kurdistan are implementing assembly democracy, and what is their view of Bookchin?
John Cronan Jr.
A short overview of participatory economy as an alternative economic model. Can this model considered to be an alternative at a time of globalization phase of capitalist hegemony? What is the influence of non-economic factors in the mystification of the main thesis of capitalist economy? Ideologically and politically what can be done to overcome this? How can the search for an economic model within the alternative quests be viewed? Where do we stand when it comes to such a search?
Lack of democracy is at the foundation of the last armed conflict in Europe. The unilateral decision of the Abertzale Left to opt for an exclusively political strategy has opened the path for its resolution and the opportunity to achieve a situation of real democracy. Building upon traditional mechanisms, innovative structures and broad participation, democracy in the Basque Country is built up in a permanent process of struggle.
|13.30 - 16.30 Session 4 continues|
Through its special intertwinement of ideology and praxis, the Zapatism in the southwest of Mexico has deeply influenced numerous civil societal organisation forms (like the World Social Forums). Concepts like "stepping forward, asking" and "ordering obeying" guaranteed a permanent feedback between the armed wing of the movement and its civilian basis. Since a few years the liberation army has handed over administrative duties fully to civilian council governments: The attempt of a balance in a praxeological regard.
Politics in Turkey are changing. The BDP is a party which is in opposition to the official ideology of Turkey. It has established a different style of politics through the inclusion of civil society. On the other hand there are structures like grass roots movements and the Democratic Society Congress and concepts like Democratic Autonomy. All these are alternatives to traditional ways of policy-making—which are confronted with massive repression.
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